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The First Thanksgiving was an important chapter in it's Origin story, but four months later, an event in Virginia Changed Everything

 


This year marks the 400th anniversary of New England's first Thanksgiving. The first Thanksgiving story, remembered and repeated as an example of patience and cooperation, has become an integral part of how Americans view nation building.

But what happened four months later, in March 1622, about 600 miles south of Plymouth, I think he best describes the home country as the story of the unpredictability of religion, of migration and persecution, not peace.

As a colonial scholar in New England and Virginia, I have often wondered why Americans were less interested in other English immigrants of their time.
Of course, victory and control of New England was key. However, the experience of travelers in the early 1620s reveals less of a colonial period than the events along Chesapeake Bay, where the British established Jamestown in 1607.

An important historical story
Pilgrims have long established a place in the country's history as courageous survivors who persevered even under difficult circumstances. 
Unprepared for the New England winter of 1620-1621, they benefited from a massive 1616-1619 population sprawl in the region, which reduced competition for capital.

After surviving the winter that killed half the population, the survivors received the harvest in the fall of 1621. They survived because the village of Wampanoag told them to. 
In November of this year, Hikers and Wampanoag join in a three-day celebration. Although other European peoples, including Florida and Maine, already celebrated Thanksgiving in 1565, many Native Americans have celebrated Thanksgiving for a long time, and now the first Thanksgiving in America. It was an event. 1607 Coast.

In 1623, travelers to Plymouth declared a rainy thanksgiving day during a severe storm that seemed to dry up crops. They could celebrate it at the end of July. In 1777, at the height of the Cold War, members of the Continental Congress declared December Thanksgiving Day. 18. Pilgrims don't say.

But in the 19th century, the annual Thanksgiving holiday was associated with New England, often out of rivalry to make Plymouth aware of one of America's American origins. Proponents of history have identified the Mayflower Convention as a starting point for government representation and the celebration of religious freedoms they see in New England. At least for Americans of European descent.

For most of the last century, US administrations have fostered the bond between vacationers and immigrants by sending pedestrians in their annual newsletters. A weak peace has been broken in Virginia
However, what happened in Plymouth in 1621 was not a coincidence until it was recorded in the National Description.

An incident occurred in Virginia in 1622.
Since 1607, English immigrants have held a small community in Jamestown, where Westerners have struggled hard to survive. Unable to find a way to get fresh water, they drank from the James River even during the summer months when the water receded and the river turned into a river. 

These bacteria have been linked to typhoid fever and dysentery. Despite a 50% mortality for many years, the British decided to stay. Their investment paid off in the mid-1610s when a well-known businessman named John Rolfe planted West Indian tobacco seeds in the region's fertile land. The market quickly exploded.

However, the success of the industry did not mean that the colony would prosper. The survival of the first English in Virginia depended on the goodwill of the natives. In 1607, Wahunsonacock, the leader of the Native League known as Tsenacomoco, had a generation and formed a coalition of 30 different communities along the tributaries of Chesapeake Bay. The English call him Powhatan and his followers Powhatans.

Wahunsonacock succeeded in preventing the British from establishing communities in Jamestown. Finally, the Powhatans control most of the region's capital. In 1608, when the new inhabitants were almost hungry, the Pohatans were providing them with food. 

Wahunsonacock also saved Captain John Smith after his men captured the British. Wahunsonacock's performance expresses his feelings. Rather than seeing the newcomers as all capable, he would have believed that the English would become a group under his rule. After the end of the war between England and Pohatan from 1609 to 1614, Wahunsonakok and his allies agreed to peace and reconciliation.

Wahunsonacock died in 1618. Shortly after his death, Opechancanough, one of the Wahunsonacock brothers, appeared to be the leader of the Powhatans. Unlike his predecessors, Opechancanough looked at the British with incredible eyes, especially when the British were pushed into the lands of Powhatan to expand their smoldering lands.

By the spring of 1622, Opechancanough had sufficed. On March 22, she and her friends protested the surprise. At the end of the day, they had killed 347 Britons. They may have killed many more, with the exception of one Powartan, who had converted, warning the British and giving them time to flee. In less than a month, word of the violence spread across Britain. Regional Secretary Edward Waterhouse described the "murder" in a short document. 
Years later, a sculptor from Frankfurt captured Europeans terrified of Native Americans in haunting illustrations for the Waterhouse Dictionary.

Waterhouse wrote of the dead "in the blood and barbaric hands of traitors and inhumans." He said the winner desecrated the body of an Englishman. He called them "barbarians" and relied on traditional European descriptions of "barbarians". 
He swore revenge. Ten years later, British troops began a devastating war against the Powatts, again burning the lands of Powattan at harvest time to starve and drive them out.

Cooperation conflict
The Pohatan Uprising declared other indigenous peoples against European settlers in North America in the 17th century.

The answer in English also matches the model. Signs of attacks from "pagans" that Waterhouse dubbed Powhatans wanted to kill Europeans' desire to convert Native Americans to religion, to claim nationalism and to enrich the needs of their European people. For products made in the United States.

These changes, and not just Plymouth's friendly view of 1621, marked the beginning of Native American-European relations for over two hundred years.
Before the turn of the century, unrest also erupted in New England, erasing the good history of the 1621 celebrations.

 By 1675, violence had escalated into war throughout the region. As an individual, it is one of the most controversial events in American history.
In 1970, on the 350th anniversary of the Mayflower's arrival, Elder Aquinnah Wampanoag, Wamsutta, introduced the creation of violence and pillage against indigenous communities. Since that day, many Americans have seen a day of mourning instead of Thanksgiving.

Today, Thanksgiving does not seem to have more impact on the beginning of the 17th century, as Turkey's history is made up of children in school and the friendship and cooperation between settlers and Native Americans.